The CDM Under the Clean Development Mechanism, emission-it development project projects in developing countries can earn certified emission reduction credits. These saleable credits can be used by industrialized countries to meet a part of their emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol. CDM projects can help local communities in Africa by providing opportunities for sustainable development, creating employment or increased economic activity, improving air quality, and transferring technology. CDM projects can also earn credits that are tradable and saleable.
In Nigeria, firewood consumption has led to severe deforestation and desertification. Highly efficient wood stoves are helping to tackle this problem. Households are saving money, youth are finding employment, and time that used to be spent collecting wood is now going to income generation. Families in Kuyasa, a low-income informal settlement in the Khayelitsha township, have not only managed to cut their electricity costs, but are also doing their bit to reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions. This waste-to-energy project will collect and treat 200,000 tonnes of urban waste annually using anaerobic digesters.