How much more or less each group is represented among freshmen at top colleges relative to the U. Even after decades of affirmative action, black and Hispanic students are more underrepresented college admissions statistics the nation’s top colleges and universities than they were 35 years ago, according to a New York Times analysis. The share of black freshmen at elite schools is virtually unchanged since 1980.
Black students are just 6 percent of freshmen but 15 percent of college-age Americans, as the chart below shows. More Hispanics are attending elite schools, but the increase has not kept up with the huge growth of young Hispanics in the United States, so the gap between students and the college-age population has widened. The Times analysis includes 100 schools ranging from public flagship universities to the Ivy League. For both blacks and Hispanics, the trend extends back to at least 1980, the earliest year that fall enrollment data was available from the National Center for Education Statistics. Blacks and Hispanics have gained ground at less selective colleges and universities but not at the highly selective institutions, said Terry Hartle, a senior vice president at the American Council on Education, which represents more than 1,700 colleges and universities. Affirmative action increases the numbers of black and Hispanic students at many colleges and universities, but experts say that persistent underrepresentation often stems from equity issues that begin earlier.
David Hawkins, an executive director at the National Association for College Admission Counseling. A cascading set of obstacles all seem to contribute to a diminished representation of minority students in highly selective colleges. Black students make up 9 percent of the freshmen at Ivy League schools but 15 percent of college-age Americans, roughly the same gap as in 1980. A category for multiracial students, introduced in 2008, has slightly reduced the share of black students.